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English adjective: cross

1. cross extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis


SamplesCross members should be all steel.
From the transverse hall the stairway ascends gracefully.
Transversal vibrations.
Transverse colon.


Synonymsthwartwise, transversal, transverse


Similarcrosswise


Antonymslengthways, lengthwise

2. cross annoyed and irritable


Synonymsbad-tempered, crabbed, crabby, fussy, grouchy, grumpy, ill-tempered


Similarill-natured


Antonymsgood-natured


English noun: cross

1. cross (artifact) a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece


Broader (hypernym)construction, structure

2. cross (attribute) a marking that consists of lines that cross each other


Synonymscrisscross, mark


Broader (hypernym)marking

3. Cross (artifact) a representation of the structure on which Jesus was crucified; used as an emblem of Christianity or in heraldry


Broader (hypernym)emblem


Narrower (hyponym)Calvary cross, Celtic cross, cross of Calvary, cross of Lorraine, crucifix, Greek cross, Jerusalem cross, Latin cross, Lorraine cross, Maltese cross, papal cross, patriarchal cross, rood, rood-tree, saltire, St. Andrew's cross, St. Anthony's cross, tau cross

4. cross (state) any affliction that causes great suffering


SamplesThat is his cross to bear.
He bears his afflictions like a crown of thorns.


Synonymscrown of thorns


Broader (hypernym)affliction

5. cross (animal) (genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species


SamplesA mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey.


Synonymscrossbreed, hybrid


Broader (hypernym)being, organism


Narrower (hyponym)dihybrid, monohybrid


Domain categorygenetic science, genetics

6. cross (act) (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids


Synonymscrossbreeding, crossing, hybridisation, hybridization, hybridizing, interbreeding


Broader (hypernym)conjugation, coupling, mating, pairing, sexual union, union


Narrower (hyponym)dihybrid cross, monohybrid cross, reciprocal, reciprocal cross, test-cross, testcross


Domain categorygenetic science, genetics


English verb: cross

1. cross (motion) travel across or pass over


SamplesThe caravan covered almost 100 miles each day.


ExamplesThese men cross the river


Synonymscover, cut across, cut through, get across, get over, pass over, track, traverse


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)go across, go through, pass


Narrower (hyponym)bridge, course, crisscross, drive, ford, hop, jaywalk, stride, take, tramp, walk

2. cross (motion) meet at a point


ExamplesOur properties cross at this point, His fields cross mine at this point


Synonymsintersect


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Something is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)come across, encounter, meet, run across, run into, see


Narrower (hyponym)cross

3. cross (social) hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of


SamplesWhat ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge.
Foil your opponent.


ExamplesSam cannot cross Sue


Synonymsbaffle, bilk, foil, frustrate, queer, scotch, spoil, thwart


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)forbid, foreclose, forestall, preclude, prevent


Narrower (hyponym)dash, disappoint, let down, ruin, short-circuit

4. cross (motion) fold so as to resemble a cross


SamplesShe crossed her legs.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)fold, fold up, turn up


Antonymsuncross

5. cross (stative) to cover or extend over an area or time period


SamplesRivers traverse the valley floor.
The parking lot spans 3 acres.
The novel spans three centuries.


Synonymsspan, sweep, traverse


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)continue, cover, extend

6. cross (motion) meet and pass


SamplesThe trains crossed.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)cross, intersect


Narrower (hyponym)decussate

7. cross (creation) trace a line through or across


SamplesCross your `t'.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)write

8. cross (contact) breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties


SamplesCross a horse and a donkey.
Mendel tried crossbreeding.
These species do not interbreed.


Synonymscrossbreed, hybridise, hybridize, interbreed


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)breed


Narrower (hyponym)backcross









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