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English adjective: cross

1. cross extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis

SamplesCross members should be all steel.
From the transverse hall the stairway ascends gracefully.
Transversal vibrations.
Transverse colon.

Synonymsthwartwise, transversal, transverse


Antonymslengthways, lengthwise

2. cross annoyed and irritable

Synonymsbad-tempered, crabbed, crabby, fussy, grouchy, grumpy, ill-tempered



English noun: cross

1. cross (artifact) a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece

Broader (hypernym)construction, structure

2. cross (attribute) a marking that consists of lines that cross each other

Synonymscrisscross, mark

Broader (hypernym)marking

3. Cross (artifact) a representation of the structure on which Jesus was crucified; used as an emblem of Christianity or in heraldry

Broader (hypernym)emblem

Narrower (hyponym)Calvary cross, Celtic cross, cross of Calvary, cross of Lorraine, crucifix, Greek cross, Jerusalem cross, Latin cross, Lorraine cross, Maltese cross, papal cross, patriarchal cross, rood, rood-tree, saltire, St. Andrew's cross, St. Anthony's cross, tau cross

4. cross (state) any affliction that causes great suffering

SamplesThat is his cross to bear.
He bears his afflictions like a crown of thorns.

Synonymscrown of thorns

Broader (hypernym)affliction

5. cross (animal) (genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species

SamplesA mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey.

Synonymscrossbreed, hybrid

Broader (hypernym)being, organism

Narrower (hyponym)dihybrid, monohybrid

Domain categorygenetic science, genetics

6. cross (act) (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids

Synonymscrossbreeding, crossing, hybridisation, hybridization, hybridizing, interbreeding

Broader (hypernym)conjugation, coupling, mating, pairing, sexual union, union

Narrower (hyponym)dihybrid cross, monohybrid cross, reciprocal, reciprocal cross, test-cross, testcross

Domain categorygenetic science, genetics

English verb: cross

1. cross (motion) travel across or pass over

SamplesThe caravan covered almost 100 miles each day.

ExamplesThese men cross the river

Synonymscover, cut across, cut through, get across, get over, pass over, track, traverse

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)go across, go through, pass

Narrower (hyponym)bridge, course, crisscross, drive, ford, hop, jaywalk, stride, take, tramp, walk

2. cross (motion) meet at a point

ExamplesOur properties cross at this point, His fields cross mine at this point


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Something is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)come across, encounter, meet, run across, run into, see

Narrower (hyponym)cross

3. cross (social) hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of

SamplesWhat ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge.
Foil your opponent.

ExamplesSam cannot cross Sue

Synonymsbaffle, bilk, foil, frustrate, queer, scotch, spoil, thwart

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)forbid, foreclose, forestall, preclude, prevent

Narrower (hyponym)dash, disappoint, let down, ruin, short-circuit

4. cross (motion) fold so as to resemble a cross

SamplesShe crossed her legs.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)fold, fold up, turn up


5. cross (stative) to cover or extend over an area or time period

SamplesRivers traverse the valley floor.
The parking lot spans 3 acres.
The novel spans three centuries.

Synonymsspan, sweep, traverse

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)continue, cover, extend

6. cross (motion) meet and pass

SamplesThe trains crossed.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)cross, intersect

Narrower (hyponym)decussate

7. cross (creation) trace a line through or across

SamplesCross your `t'.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)write

8. cross (contact) breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties

SamplesCross a horse and a donkey.
Mendel tried crossbreeding.
These species do not interbreed.

Synonymscrossbreed, hybridise, hybridize, interbreed

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)breed

Narrower (hyponym)backcross

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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