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English noun: spoil

1. spoil (possession) (usually plural) valuables taken by violence (especially in war)


SamplesTo the victor belong the spoils of the enemy.


Broader (hypernym)stolen property


Domain usageplural, plural form

2. spoil (act) the act of spoiling something by causing damage to it


SamplesHer spoiling my dress was deliberate.


Synonymsspoilage, spoiling


Broader (hypernym)injury

3. spoil (act) the act of stripping and taking by force


Synonymsdespoilation, despoilment, despoliation, spoilation, spoliation


Broader (hypernym)pillage, pillaging, plundering


English verb: spoil

1. spoil (social) make a mess of, destroy or ruin


SamplesI botched the dinner and we had to eat out.
The pianist screwed up the difficult passage in the second movement.


Synonymsball up, blow, bobble, bodge, bollix, bollix up, bollocks, bollocks up, botch, botch up, bumble, bungle, flub, fluff, foul up, fuck up, fumble, louse up, mess up, mishandle, muck up, muff, screw up


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)fail, go wrong, miscarry

2. spoil (change) become unfit for consumption or use


SamplesThe meat must be eaten before it spoils.


Synonymsgo bad


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)decay


Narrower (hyponym)addle, curdle

3. spoil (change) alter from the original


Synonymscorrupt


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)modify


Narrower (hyponym)adulterate, debase, dilute, load, stretch

4. spoil (social) treat with excessive indulgence


SamplesGrandparents often pamper the children.
Let's not mollycoddle our students!.


Synonymsbaby, cocker, coddle, cosset, featherbed, indulge, mollycoddle, pamper


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)do by, handle, treat

5. spoil (social) hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of


SamplesWhat ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge.
Foil your opponent.


Synonymsbaffle, bilk, cross, foil, frustrate, queer, scotch, thwart


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)forbid, foreclose, forestall, preclude, prevent


Narrower (hyponym)dash, disappoint, let down, ruin, short-circuit

6. spoil (emotion) have a strong desire or urge to do something


SamplesShe is itching to start the project.
He is spoiling for a fight.


Synonymsitch


Pattern of useSomebody ----s to INFINITIVE


Broader (hypernym)desire, want

7. spoil (contact) destroy and strip of its possession


SamplesThe soldiers raped the beautiful country.


Synonymsdespoil, plunder, rape, violate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)destroy, ruin

8. spoil (change) make imperfect


SamplesNothing marred her beauty.


Synonymsdeflower, impair, mar, vitiate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)damage


Narrower (hyponym)blemish, cloud, corrupt, deface, defile, disfigure, sully, taint









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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