English adjective: black
|1.||black being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light|
|Samples||Black leather jackets.|
As black as coal.
Rich black soil.
|2.||black of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin|
|Samples||A great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization.|
|Similar||African-American, Afro-American, colored, coloured, dark, dark-skinned, negro, negroid, non-white|
|3.||black marked by anger or resentment or hostility|
|4.||black offering little or no hope|
|Samples||The future looked black.|
Prospects were bleak.
Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult.
Took a dim view of things.
|5.||black stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable|
A black lie.
His black heart has concocted yet another black deed.
Darth Vader of the dark side.
A dark purpose.
Dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility.
The scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him.
|6.||black (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin|
|Samples||The stock market crashed on Black Friday.|
A calamitous defeat.
The battle was a disastrous end to a disastrous campaign.
Such doctrines, if true, would be absolutely fatal to my theory.
It is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it.
A fateful error.
|Synonyms||calamitous, disastrous, fatal, fateful|
|7.||black (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood|
|Samples||A face black with fury.|
|Similar||colored, colorful, coloured|
|8.||black extremely dark|
|Samples||A black moonless night.|
Through the pitch-black woods.
It was pitch-dark in the cellar.
|9.||black harshly ironic or sinister|
A grim joke.
Fun ranging from slapstick clowning ... to savage mordant wit.
|10.||black (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading|
|11.||black distributed or sold illicitly|
|Samples||The black economy pays no taxes.|
|Synonyms||black-market, bootleg, contraband, smuggled|
|12.||black (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame|
|Samples||Man...has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands.|
An ignominious retreat.
An opprobrious monument to human greed.
A shameful display of cowardice.
|Synonyms||disgraceful, ignominious, inglorious, opprobrious, shameful|
|13.||black (of coffee) without cream or sugar|
|14.||black soiled with dirt or soot|
|Samples||With feet black from playing outdoors.|
His shirt was black within an hour.
|Similar||dirty, soiled, unclean|
English noun: black
|1.||black (attribute) the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white)|
|Broader (hypernym)||achromatic color, achromatic colour|
|Narrower (hyponym)||coal black, ebony, jet black, pitch black, sable, soot black|
|2.||black (state) total absence of light|
|Samples||They fumbled around in total darkness.|
In the black of night.
|Synonyms||blackness, lightlessness, pitch blackness, total darkness|
|Broader (hypernym)||dark, darkness|
|3.||Black (person) British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)|
|4.||Black (person) popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928)|
|Synonyms||Shirley Temple, Shirley Temple Black|
|5.||Black (person) a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa)|
|Synonyms||Black person, blackamoor, Negro, Negroid|
|Broader (hypernym)||individual, mortal, person, person of color, person of colour, somebody, someone, soul|
|Narrower (hyponym)||Black man, Black woman, colored, colored person, coon, darkey, darkie, darky, jigaboo, Negress, nigga, nigger, nigra, picaninny, piccaninny, pickaninny, spade, Tom, Uncle Tom|
|Member meronym||Black race, Negro race, Negroid race|
|6.||black (artifact) (board games) the darker pieces|
|Broader (hypernym)||man, piece|
|Domain category||checkers, chess, chess game, draughts|
|7.||black (artifact) black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning)|
|Samples||The widow wore black.|
|Broader (hypernym)||article of clothing, clothing, habiliment, vesture, wear, wearable|
English verb: black
|1.||black (change) make or become black|
|Samples||The smoke blackened the ceiling.|
The ceiling blackened.
|Synonyms||blacken, melanise, melanize, nigrify|
|Pattern of use||Something ----s.|
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something
|Broader (hypernym)||color, colour, discolor, discolour|