English dictionary



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English adjective: black

1. black being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light


SamplesBlack leather jackets.
As black as coal.
Rich black soil.


See alsodark


Attributevalue


Antonymswhite

2. black of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin


SamplesA great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization.


SimilarAfrican-American, Afro-American, colored, coloured, dark, dark-skinned, negro, negroid, non-white


Antonymswhite

3. black marked by anger or resentment or hostility


SamplesBlack looks.
Black words.


Similarangry


Antonymsunangry

4. black offering little or no hope


SamplesThe future looked black.
Prospects were bleak.
Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult.
Took a dim view of things.


Synonymsbleak, dim


Similarhopeless


Antonymshopeful

5. black stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable


SamplesBlack deeds.
A black lie.
His black heart has concocted yet another black deed.
Darth Vader of the dark side.
A dark purpose.
Dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility.
The scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him.


Synonymsdark, sinister


Similarevil


Antonymsgood

6. black (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin


SamplesThe stock market crashed on Black Friday.
A calamitous defeat.
The battle was a disastrous end to a disastrous campaign.
Such doctrines, if true, would be absolutely fatal to my theory.
It is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it.
A fateful error.


Synonymscalamitous, disastrous, fatal, fateful


Similarunfortunate


Antonymsfortunate

7. black (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood


SamplesA face black with fury.


Synonymsblackened


Similarcolored, colorful, coloured


Antonymsuncolored, uncoloured

8. black extremely dark


SamplesA black moonless night.
Through the pitch-black woods.
It was pitch-dark in the cellar.


Synonymspitch-black, pitch-dark


Similardark


Antonymslight

9. black harshly ironic or sinister


SamplesBlack humor.
A grim joke.
Grim laughter.
Fun ranging from slapstick clowning ... to savage mordant wit.


Synonymsgrim, mordant


Similarsarcastic


Antonymsunsarcastic

10. black (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading


SamplesBlack propaganda.


Similarcovert


Antonymsovert, open

11. black distributed or sold illicitly


SamplesThe black economy pays no taxes.


Synonymsblack-market, bootleg, contraband, smuggled


Similarillegal


Antonymslegal

12. black (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame


SamplesMan...has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands.
An ignominious retreat.
Inglorious defeat.
An opprobrious monument to human greed.
A shameful display of cowardice.


Synonymsdisgraceful, ignominious, inglorious, opprobrious, shameful


Similardishonorable, dishonourable


Antonymshonourable, honorable

13. black (of coffee) without cream or sugar


Similarundiluted


Antonymsdilute, diluted

14. black soiled with dirt or soot


SamplesWith feet black from playing outdoors.
His shirt was black within an hour.


Synonymssmutty


Similardirty, soiled, unclean


Antonymsclean


English noun: black

1. black (attribute) the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white)


Synonymsblackness, inkiness


Broader (hypernym)achromatic color, achromatic colour


Narrower (hyponym)coal black, ebony, jet black, pitch black, sable, soot black


Antonymswhiteness, white

2. black (state) total absence of light


SamplesThey fumbled around in total darkness.
In the black of night.


Synonymsblackness, lightlessness, pitch blackness, total darkness


Broader (hypernym)dark, darkness

3. Black (person) British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)


SynonymsJoseph Black


Instance hypernymchemist

4. Black (person) popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928)


SynonymsShirley Temple, Shirley Temple Black


Instance hypernymactress

5. Black (person) a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa)


SynonymsBlack person, blackamoor, Negro, Negroid


Broader (hypernym)individual, mortal, person, person of color, person of colour, somebody, someone, soul


Narrower (hyponym)Black man, Black woman, colored, colored person, coon, darkey, darkie, darky, jigaboo, Negress, nigga, nigger, nigra, picaninny, piccaninny, pickaninny, spade, Tom, Uncle Tom


Member meronymBlack race, Negro race, Negroid race


Domain regionAfrica

6. black (artifact) (board games) the darker pieces


Broader (hypernym)man, piece


Domain categorycheckers, chess, chess game, draughts


Antonymswhite

7. black (artifact) black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning)


SamplesThe widow wore black.


Broader (hypernym)article of clothing, clothing, habiliment, vesture, wear, wearable


English verb: black

1. black (change) make or become black


SamplesThe smoke blackened the ceiling.
The ceiling blackened.


Synonymsblacken, melanise, melanize, nigrify


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)color, colour, discolor, discolour


Antonymswhite, whiten









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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