English dictionary

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English noun: labor

1. labor (group) a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages

SamplesThere is a shortage of skilled labor in this field.

Synonymslabour, proletariat, working class

Broader (hypernym)class, social class, socio-economic class, stratum

Narrower (hyponym)labor force, labor pool, lumpenproletariat, organized labor

Member holonymprole, proletarian, worker

2. labor (act) productive work (especially physical work done for wages)

SamplesHis labor did not require a great deal of skill.

Synonymslabour, toil

Broader (hypernym)work

Narrower (hyponym)corvee, donkeywork, drudgery, effort, elbow grease, exertion, grind, hackwork, haymaking, hunt, hunting, manual labor, manual labour, overwork, overworking, plodding, roping, slavery, sweat, travail

3. labor (state) concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child

SamplesShe was in labor for six hours.

Synonymschildbed, confinement, labour, lying-in, parturiency, travail

Broader (hypernym)birth, birthing, giving birth, parturition

Narrower (hyponym)premature labor, premature labour

Part holonymasynclitism, effacement, obliquity, uterine contraction

Part meronymgestation, maternity, pregnancy

4. labor (group) an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement

Synonymslabor movement, trade union movement

Broader (hypernym)reform movement

Narrower (hyponym)I.W.W., Industrial Workers of the World, IWW, trade unionism, unionism

Part holonymbrotherhood, labor union, trade union, trades union, union

5. Labor (group) a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900; characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and formerly the socialization of key industries

SynonymsBritish Labour Party, Labour, Labour Party

Broader (hypernym)labor party, labour party

Member holonymLabourite

6. Labor (group) the federal department responsible for promoting the working conditions of wage earners in the United States; created in 1913

SynonymsDepartment of Labor, DoL, Labor Department

Broader (hypernym)executive department

Part holonymOccupational Safety and Health Administration, OSHA

7. labor (act) any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted

SamplesHe prepared for great undertakings.

Synonymsproject, task, undertaking

Broader (hypernym)work

Narrower (hyponym)adventure, assignment, baby, breeze, child's play, cinch, dangerous undertaking, duck soup, endeavor, endeavour, endurance contest, enterprise, escapade, labor of love, labour of love, large order, marathon, no-brainer, picnic, piece of cake, proposition, pushover, risky venture, snap, tall order, venture, walkover

Instance hyponymManhattan Project

English verb: labor

1. labor (social) strive and make an effort to reach a goal

SamplesShe tugged for years to make a decent living.
We have to push a little to make the deadline!.
She is driving away at her doctoral thesis.

Synonymsdrive, labour, push, tug

Pattern of useSomebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)fight, struggle

Narrower (hyponym)reach, strain, strive

Verb groupbear on, push

2. labor (social) work hard

SamplesShe was digging away at her math homework.
Lexicographers drudge all day long.

Synonymsdig, drudge, fag, grind, labour, moil, toil, travail

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)do work, work

3. labor (body) undergo the efforts of childbirth


Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)undergo

Entailbear, birth, deliver, give birth, have

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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