English dictionary

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English adjective: spare

1. spare thin and fit

SamplesThe spare figure of a marathon runner.
A body kept trim by exercise.


Similarlean, thin


2. spare more than is needed, desired, or required

SamplesTrying to lose excess weight.
Found some extra change lying on the dresser.
Yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant.
Skills made redundant by technological advance.
Sleeping in the spare room.
Supernumerary ornamentation.
It was supererogatory of her to gloat.
Delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words.
Extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts.
Surplus cheese distributed to the needy.

Synonymsexcess, extra, redundant, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary, surplus

Similarunnecessary, unneeded


3. spare not taken up by scheduled activities

SamplesA free hour between classes.
Spare time on my hands.




4. spare kept in reserve especially for emergency use

SamplesA reserve supply of food.
A spare tire.
Spare parts.

Similarunnecessary, unneeded


5. spare lacking in amplitude or quantity

SamplesA bare livelihood.
A scanty harvest.
A spare diet.

Synonymsbare, scanty

Similarmeager, meagerly, meagre, scrimpy, stingy


6. spare lacking embellishment or ornamentation

SamplesA plain hair style.
Unembellished white walls.
Functional architecture featuring stark unornamented concrete.

Synonymsbare, plain, unembellished, unornamented

Similarunadorned, undecorated

Antonymsadorned, decorated

English noun: spare

1. spare (artifact) an extra component of a machine or other apparatus

Synonymsspare part

Broader (hypernym)component, constituent, element

2. spare (artifact) an extra car wheel and tire for a four-wheel vehicle

Synonymsfifth wheel

Broader (hypernym)car wheel

3. spare (act) a score in tenpins; knocking down all ten after rolling two balls

Broader (hypernym)score

English verb: spare

1. spare (social) refrain from harming

ExamplesThey spare him from writing the letter


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)forbear, refrain

Narrower (hyponym)favor, favour

2. spare (social) save or relieve from an experience or action

SamplesI'll spare you from having to apologize formally.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody something.
Somebody ----s somebody PP

Broader (hypernym)exempt, free, relieve

3. spare (possession) give up what is not strictly needed

SamplesHe asked if they could spare one of their horses to speed his journey.

Synonymsdispense with, give up, part with

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)give

4. spare (consumption) use frugally or carefully

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)expend, use

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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