English dictionary

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English noun: confusion

1. confusion (state) disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably

SamplesThe army retreated in confusion.

Broader (hypernym)disorder

Narrower (hyponym)bedlam, bluster, chaos, demoralisation, demoralization, hugger-mugger, pandemonium, schemozzle, shemozzle, topsy-turvydom, topsy-turvyness

2. confusion (cognition) a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior

SamplesA confusion of impressions.

Synonymsconfusedness, disarray, mental confusion, muddiness

Broader (hypernym)cognitive state, state of mind

Narrower (hyponym)bafflement, befuddlement, bemusement, bewilderment, daze, disorientation, distraction, fog, half-cock, haze, jamais vu, mystification, obfuscation, perplexity, puzzlement

3. confusion (feeling) a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused


Broader (hypernym)embarrassment

4. confusion (act) an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended

SamplesThe confusion of tongues at the Tower of Babel.

Broader (hypernym)combination, combining, compounding

Narrower (hyponym)babel

5. confusion (act) a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another

SamplesHe changed his name in order to avoid confusion with the notorious outlaw.


Broader (hypernym)error, fault, mistake

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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