English dictionary

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English noun: surround

1. surround (location) the area in which something exists or lives

SamplesThe country--the flat agricultural surround.

Synonymsenvironment, environs, surroundings

Broader (hypernym)geographic area, geographic region, geographical area, geographical region

Narrower (hyponym)ambiance, ambience, element, habitat, home ground, medium, melting pot, parts, scene, setting

English verb: surround

1. surround (contact) extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle

SamplesThe forest surrounds my property.

Synonymsborder, environ, ring, skirt

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)adjoin, contact, meet, touch

Narrower (hyponym)cloister, cloister, close in, enclose, fringe, gird, girdle, hem in, inclose, shut in

2. surround (contact) envelop completely

SamplesSmother the meat in gravy.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)cover

3. surround (competition) surround so as to force to give up

SamplesThe Turks besieged Vienna.

Synonymsbeleaguer, besiege, circumvent, hem in

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)assail, attack

Narrower (hyponym)blockade, ebb, seal off

4. surround (competition) surround with a wall in order to fortify

Synonymsfence, fence in, palisade, wall

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)protect

Narrower (hyponym)circumvallate, stockade

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