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English verb: perturb

1. perturb (emotion) disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed


SamplesShe was rather perturbed by the news that her father was seriously ill.


ExamplesThe bad news will perturb him


Synonymscark, disorder, disquiet, distract, trouble, unhinge


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)disturb, trouble, upset


Narrower (hyponym)vex, worry

2. perturb (motion) disturb or interfere with the usual path of an electron or atom


SamplesThe electrons were perturbed by the passing ion.


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)deviate


Verb groupperturb

3. perturb (motion) cause a celestial body to deviate from a theoretically regular orbital motion, especially as a result of interposed or extraordinary gravitational pull


SamplesThe orbits of these stars were perturbed by the passings of a comet.


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)deviate


Verb groupperturb

4. perturb (change) throw into great confusion or disorder


SamplesFundamental Islamicists threaten to perturb the social order in Algeria and Egypt.


Synonymsderange, throw out of kilter


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)disarray, disorder









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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