English dictionary

Info: This web site is based on WordNet 3.0 from Princeton University.

English adjective: bum

1. bum of very poor quality; flimsy

Synonymscheap, cheesy, chintzy, crummy, punk, sleazy, tinny


Domain usagecolloquialism


English noun: bum

1. bum (person) a person who is deemed to be despicable or contemptible

SamplesOnly a rotter would do that.
Kill the rat.
Throw the bum out.
You cowardly little pukes!.
The British call a contemptible person a `git'.

Synonymscrumb, dirty dog, git, lowlife, puke, rat, rotter, scum bag, skunk, so-and-so, stinker, stinkpot

Broader (hypernym)disagreeable person, unpleasant person

2. bum (person) a disreputable vagrant

SamplesA homeless tramp.
He tried to help the really down-and-out bums.

Synonymshobo, tramp

Broader (hypernym)drifter, floater, vagabond, vagrant

Narrower (hyponym)dosser, street person

3. bum (person) person who does no work

SamplesA lazy bum.

Synonymsdo-nothing, idler, layabout, loafer

Broader (hypernym)nonworker

Narrower (hyponym)clock watcher, couch potato, dallier, dawdler, daydreamer, dilly-dallier, dillydallier, drone, goldbrick, good-for-naught, good-for-nothing, goof-off, laggard, lagger, lazybones, lie-abed, loon, lounger, mope, ne'er-do-well, no-account, poke, shirker, slacker, slug, slugabed, sluggard, spiv, sunbather, trailer, trifler, whittler, woolgatherer

4. bum (body) the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on

SamplesHe deserves a good kick in the butt.
Are you going to sit on your fanny and do nothing?.

Synonymsarse, ass, backside, behind, bottom, buns, butt, buttocks, can, derriere, fanny, fundament, hind end, hindquarters, keister, nates, posterior, prat, rear, rear end, rump, seat, stern, tail, tail end, tooshie, tush

Broader (hypernym)body part

Part meronymbody, torso, trunk

English verb: bum

1. bum (possession) ask for and get free; be a parasite

Synonymscadge, grub, mooch, sponge

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)obtain

Narrower (hyponym)freeload

2. bum (stative) be lazy or idle

SamplesHer son is just bumming around all day.

Synonymsarse about, arse around, bum about, bum around, frig around, fuck off, loaf, loll, loll around, lounge about, lounge around, waste one's time

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)idle, laze, slug, stagnate

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
Web design: Orcapia v/Per Bang. English edition: .
2019 onlineordbog.dk