English dictionary



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English noun: instrument

1. instrument (artifact) a device that requires skill for proper use


Broader (hypernym)device


Narrower (hyponym)analyser, analyzer, arm, cauterant, cautery, drafting instrument, engine, extractor, instrument of execution, instrument of punishment, measuring device, measuring instrument, measuring system, medical instrument, navigational instrument, optical instrument, plotter, scientific instrument, sonograph, surveying instrument, surveyor's instrument, tracer, weapon, weapon system, whip

2. instrument (act) the means whereby some act is accomplished


SamplesMy greed was the instrument of my destruction.
Science has given us new tools to fight disease.


Synonymstool


Broader (hypernym)agency, means, way

3. instrument (person) a person used by another to gain an end


Synonymscat's-paw, pawn


Broader (hypernym)assistant, help, helper, supporter

4. instrument (communication) (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right


Synonymslegal document, legal instrument, official document


Broader (hypernym)document, papers, written document


Narrower (hyponym)acquittance, act, affidavit, arraignment, articles of incorporation, assignment, authorisation, authorization, bill, bill of indictment, brief, certificate, conveyance, debenture, deed, deed of conveyance, deed of trust, derivative, derivative instrument, enactment, impeachment, income tax return, indictment, judgement, judgment, judicial writ, law, legal brief, legal opinion, letters of administration, letters patent, letters testamentary, licence, license, living will, mandate, manifest, measure, negotiable instrument, opinion, passport, patent, permit, power of attorney, release, return, security, ship's papers, tax return, testament, title, trust deed, will, work papers, work permit, working papers, writ, written agreement


Domain categoryjurisprudence, law

5. instrument (communication) the semantic role of the entity (usually inanimate) that the agent uses to perform an action or start a process


Synonymsinstrumental role


Broader (hypernym)participant role, semantic role

6. instrument (artifact) any of various devices or contrivances that can be used to produce musical tones or sounds


Synonymsmusical instrument


Broader (hypernym)device


Narrower (hyponym)barrel organ, bass, calliope, electronic instrument, electronic musical instrument, grind organ, hand organ, hurdy gurdy, hurdy-gurdy, jew's harp, jews' harp, keyboard instrument, mouth bow, music box, musical box, percussion instrument, percussive instrument, steam organ, street organ, stringed instrument, wind, wind instrument


English verb: instrument

1. instrument (possession) equip with instruments for measuring, recording, or controlling


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)equip, fit, fit out, outfit

2. instrument (creation) write an instrumental score for


Synonymsinstrumentate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)compose, write


Domain categoryeuphony, music

3. instrument (communication) address a legal document to


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)address, direct









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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