English dictionary

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English noun: ribonucleic acid

1. ribonucleic acid (substance) (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell

SamplesRibonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses.


Broader (hypernym)polymer

Narrower (hyponym)acceptor RNA, informational RNA, messenger RNA, mRNA, nRNA, nuclear RNA, soluble RNA, template RNA, transfer RNA, tRNA

Part holonymnucleic acid

Substance holonymA, adenine, C, cytosine, G, guanine, ribose, U, uracil

Domain categorybiochemistry

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